New Pump-Off Control (POC) Calculator Estimates Lost Production
Most rod-pumping units use some form of pump-off control (POC) to regulate production and maintain fluid in the well casing. The on/off duty cycle may be manually or automatically adjusted. A typical sequence runs a rod pump for a period of time to pull fluid from the well, which pulls down the fluid level in the casing. Eventually the fluid level will be drawn down to the pump intake and the pump will exhibit a pump-off condition. Automatic pump-off controllers will detect this condition and pause the pumping operation for a period of time. During this period of time, the fluid level rises in the casing.
Well inflow is a function of the fluid level in the well. The fluctuating level of fluid due to the pump-off control operation increases the average fluid height in the well and reduces its average inflow. Well production is dependent upon the average inflow, which can be significantly reduced at long pump cycle times.